You can define your literary point of view (POV) as the person through whose eyes your reader sees, feels, and experiences the action of the story. Understanding the different points of view and choosing the right POV person or character is a very important task for you as author.
As an author, you want to give your readers a particular lens through which to understand your story, and for that, you need to choose a point of view (POV) for your protagonist. Your literary POV will point your readers to the exact opinions, details, or emotions you desire. Just as you learned in school, there are three types of POV: first person, second person, and third person. Here is how each type can affect your story:
First Person: With first person, you write using the pronouns I, me, my, and mine. With a first person POV, your reader can hear the narrator’s thoughts and “see” the story through the narrator’s eyes.
Second Person: More often used in nonfiction than in fiction works, the second person POV uses the you and your pronouns. When used in fiction stories, there is no narrator as the reader is made a participant in the storyline.
Third Person: The pronouns he, she, it, they, theirs, etc., are used for the third person POV, which is the one authors most utilize. The third person POV differs from the first person POV in that the reader is outside looking into the story either through the thoughts of all of the characters (third-person omniscient), through the thoughts of multiple characters—but not all characters at once (third-person multiple), or through just one character (third-person limited). Either version of third person can apply to just a section of the story or the whole book.With the third person POV, it is the author’s voice that is heard, not that of any of the characters.
Usually the protagonist is the one you choose as your POV character in first person or third person. In second person your POV character is your reader. There are no rules for how many POV characters you can include in your story; each section or even each chapter of your book can have a different POV character. Just take care not to have too many POV characters, and make any POV character switches very clear so that your reader is not confused.
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