The whole idea to bring a project to the very basics is to untie knots, to find an exit in an alley. As creative individuals, writers struggle with a lot of things; which is why I was thinking of writing of a series that brings us back to the most basic knowledge of writing, so knots in our heads are easier to untie.
One of the basic decisions a writer faces when first facing a white sheet of paper (or just an empty word document) is “why I am going to write this?” Some do it consciously, others don’t. There are 4 valid answers: tell a story, describe something, inform, or convince.
Here are the 4 most basic types of writing, usually responding to the purpose of the writer with the audience.
1. Narrative Writing: Telling a Story
In a narrative essay, the writer tells a story about a real-life experience or a made up story. While telling a story may sound easy to do, narrative writing challenges authors to think and write about themselves while trying to involve the reader by making the story as vivid as possible.
2. Descriptive Essays: Painting a Picture
A close relative to narrative writing, descriptive writing paints a picture with words. A writer might describe a person, place, object, or even memory of special significance. The descriptive essay uses description to communicate a deeper meaning through it. The best descriptive writing appeals to the reader’s emotions.
3. Expository Essays: Just the Facts
An informative piece of writing that presents a balanced analysis of a topic. Expository writing is used when the author explains or defines a topic, using facts, statistics, and examples. It includes a wide range of writing variations, such as the comparison and contrast, the cause and effect, and the “how to” or process writing. This is because expository essays are based on facts and not personal feelings.
4. Persuasive Essays: Convince Me
The goal of the persuasive essay is to convince the reader to accept the writer’s point of view or recommendation. The author must build a case using facts and logic, as well as examples, expert opinion, and sound reasoning. The writer should present all sides of the argument, but must be able to communicate clearly and without equivocation why a certain position is correct.
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